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热风炉的排放应该遵循什么样的标准?

2019-07-24 来源:http://www.zhongyanjixie.com 发布人:admin 浏览量:
  (一)长期以来,热风炉的排放标准一直困扰着环评工作者。实施什么样的标准,对于生产企业来说,主管部门的监督是至关重要的。
  (1) For a long time, the emission standards of hot blast stoves have been plaguing EIA workers. What kind of standards to implement is of vital importance to the supervision of the competent departments for the production enterprises.
  标准实施的规则之一是行业标准与综合排放标准不交叉实施,有行业标准应实施行业标准。这很容易理解:
  One of the rules for the implementation of standards is that there is no cross-implementation between industry standards and comprehensive emission standards. Some industry standards should implement industry standards. This is easy to understand:
  各行业标准的制定必须考虑发展水平、污染防治水平和经济社会发展水平。可以说,行业标准更具针对性。
  Development level, pollution control level and economic and social development level must be taken into account in the formulation of standards for various industries. It can be said that industry standards are more targeted.
  因此,标准不是越严格越好,而是合适才是最好的。
  Therefore, the standard is not the stricter the better, but the appropriate is the best.
  (2)目前,对于热风炉标准的实施,有两种观点:一种是应该实施《工业炉大气污染物排放标准》,另一种是应该参照《锅炉大气污染物排放标准》的实施。应该采用哪种标准?
  (2) At present, there are two opinions on the implementation of hot-blast stove standards: one is to implement the Air Pollutant Discharge Standard for Industrial Furnace, the other is to refer to the implementation of the Air Pollutant Discharge Standard for Boilers. Which criteria should be adopted?
  首先看工业炉标准的适用范围:工业炉在工业生产过程中使用燃料燃烧产生的热量或电能转化产生的热量,然后对材料或工件进行以下程序的热力设备,程序包括:冶炼、焙烧、烧结、熔融、加热等。
  First look at the scope of application of industrial furnace standards: industrial furnace in the industrial production process using the heat generated by fuel combustion or the heat generated by energy conversion, and then on materials or workpieces for the following procedures of thermal equipment, procedures include: smelting, roasting, sintering, melting, heating and so on.
  在对电炉的定义理解上主要是“热设备”四个字,也就是说“热设备”是标准管理的范围。直观地说,工业炉适用于材料的直接加热。
  In understanding the definition of electric furnace, the main word is "thermal equipment", that is to say, "thermal equipment" is the scope of standard management. Intuitively speaking, industrial furnaces are suitable for direct heating of materials.
热风炉生产厂家
  热风炉(燃煤热风炉)的定义:“本标准适用于燃煤和煤粉的燃烧,加热介质为空气间接加热分体式或整体热风炉。”
  The definition of hot-blast stove (coal-fired hot-blast stove): "This standard is applicable to the combustion of coal and pulverized coal. The heating medium is air indirect heating split or integral hot-blast stove."
  热风炉是用于气流干燥、喷雾干燥、流化干燥、塔式干燥、隧道干燥和回转干燥等设备,也是大棚和畜牧场的主要加热设备,广泛应用于农业生产、农产品及食品加工、冶金、建材等行业。
  Hot blast stove is used for airstream drying, spray drying, fluidized drying, tower drying, tunnel drying and rotary drying. It is also the main heating equipment in greenhouses and livestock farms. It is widely used in agricultural production, agricultural products and food processing, metallurgy, building materials and other industries.
  (三)实施的排放标准应当参照有关行业标准和技术特点。
  (3) The emission standards implemented shall refer to the relevant industry standards and technical characteristics.
  JB/T 6672-2011作为热风炉的技术标准,对热风炉的技术要求进行了技术规范指导。引用的规范性文件包括《锅炉大气污染物排放标准》和《3.4环境保护指数》标准,指出热风炉排放应遵循锅炉排放标准。
  JB/T 6672-2011 is the technical standard of hot-blast stove, which guides the technical requirements of hot-blast stove. The normative documents cited include "Standards for Discharge of Air Pollutants from Boilers" and "3.4 Environmental Protection Index". It is pointed out that the discharge of hot blast stoves should follow the boiler discharge standard.
  《热风炉质量评价规范》(NY/T 464-2001)还引用了大量锅炉标准,并明确规定了相应的热风炉环保指标,应满足锅炉空气污染物排放的要求。
  The Standard for Quality Evaluation of Hot Blast Furnace (NY/T 464-2001) also refers to a large number of boiler standards, and specifies the corresponding environmental protection indicators of hot blast stoves, which should meet the requirements of air pollutant emission from boilers.
  有什么能比行业规范更清楚地说明风加热器呢?虽然建议采用上述标准,但在了解工作原理、技术条件等方面没有问题。
  What can explain the air heater more clearly than the industry standard? Although the above standard is recommended, there is no problem in understanding the working principle and technical conditions.
  因此,可以认为热风炉应执行锅炉空气污染物排放标准的相关要求。
  Therefore, it can be considered that the hot blast stove should implement the relevant requirements of the boiler air pollutant emission standards.
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